Do exports of renewable resources lead to resource depletion? Evidence on fisheries(submitted) In the case of fisheries, exports are an important cause of resource depletion. This paper uses novel and detailed country-species-level fisheries data to estimate the causal effect of a fishery's exports on the collapse of the fishery. Identification is based on an export demand shock originating from Japan. The results reveal that an increase in logged exports by one standard deviation raises the probability of a fishery's collapse in the following period by 29 percentage points. Only fisheries without catch share programs collapse when exports surge.
Does trade foster resource management? Evidence on fishing quotas Do resource exports improve the regulation of renewable resources such as fisheries or forests? Theoretical predictions are ambiguous and this is the first empirical analysis to shed light on the effect of exports on resource management. I use detailed country-species level fisheries data to investigate whether exporting facilitates the introduction of quota and Territorial Use Rights for Fishing (TURF) programs for fisheries. The results suggest a positive relationship between a fishery’s exports value and the introduction of quota or TURF programs.
An economic case of fishery subsidy reform by the WTOwith Christopher Costello; Katherine Millage; Elsa Galarza; Gakushi Ishimura; Laura Lea Rubino; Vienna Saccomanno; U. Rashid Sumaila; Kent Strauss (submitted)
Can communal resource monitoring save the commons? Evidence from community-managed forests in Ugandawith Louis Graham and Anouk S. Rigterink (pre-analysis plan, working paper available on request) This study uses a Randomized Controlled Trial to investigate whether deforestation and forest degradation in community-managed forests can be reduced through systematic forest monitoring by community members. The paper combines causal insights with exceptionally detailed data on forest governance, forest use and forest stocks to improve our understanding of successful approaches to management of communal renewable resources.
Can reminders of rules induce compliance? Experimental evidence from a common pool resource settingwith Louis Graham and Anouk S. Rigterink (R&R, pre-analysis plan) This paper presents results from an RCT exploring whether a behavioural intervention can improve the conservation of a common pool resource. The literature on common pool resource management suggests that the existence of rules and sanctions are important to resource conservation. However, behavioural science suggests that these rules and sanctions may not be 'top of mind' for users of common pool resources. This paper investigates the impact of an SMS message intervention designed to improve users' knowledge of and attentiveness to existing forest use rules. An RCT in Uganda explored the impact of these messages on forest use and compliance with the rules. This paper finds that SMS messages improve self-reported knowledge of forest use rules, and raise the perceived probability of sanctions for rule-breakers. SMS messages do not induce full compliance with forest use rules and only reduce forest use based on few metrics.
Adoption of Community Monitoring Improves Common Pool Resource Management Across Contextswith Tara Slough, Daniel Rubenson, Ro’ee Levy, Francisco Alpizar Rodriguez, Maria Bernedo del Carpio, Mark Buntaine, Darin Christensen, Alicia Cooperman, Paul Ferraro, Louis Graham, Alexandra Hartman, Jacob Kopas, Sasha Richey, Anouk Rigterink, Cyrus Samii, Brigitte Seim, Johannes Urpelainen, and Bing Zhang(Pre-analysis plan)
Work in Progress
FDI to China and firms' environmental performance in the UK with Richard Kneller and Edward Manderson